Author Archives: Michael Gakuran

Happy Birthday Darwin!

I can’t let today pass without giving one of the greatest Naturalists of our time a proper birthday message! A—– Happy, happy, happy, happy birth-day, Dear Darwin! 200 years young today! ^^; Most people are probably much fonder of Darwin today than they were when he published the Origin of the Species 150 years ago, […]
Posted in Journal | 10 Comments

Fish and Chips

A bit of a re-post of the earlier January article on the Top 10 British Fish and Chip shops that I wrote for the benefit of my Japanese readers. It turns out that this month’s Japanese blog matsuri is on ‘Foreign Foods’, so what better a thing to introduce than a bit of the old […]
Posted in Other | 44 Comments

GTO Jdrama

Great Teacher Onizuka! GTO is *the* best Japanese drama. Yes, it’s cheesy, cliché at times and really pushing the boundaries of real-life, but it leaves you with a sublime feel-good factor. Did I mention you can also learn really cool yakuza-style casual Japanese too?
Posted in Other | 43 Comments

Learn Japanese with the Gakuranman

Introducing…Me! Michael as the Gakuranman. This is my new teaching persona for the Live Video Learning platform I have registered on eduFire to start offering beginner and intermediate classes in Japanese! If you’ve ever wanted to dip your feet into the language pool and try some, here is your chance!
Posted in Other | 6 Comments

Moral Naturalism

Moral Naturalism – The target of the Open Question Argument – seeks to identify moral properties with natural (worldly) properties. It falls under the Realist camp and is Cognitivist, so it says that our express independently existing moral facts objective of our opinions. Contrast this to the Expressivists we have just looked at who say […]
Posted in Philosophy | 2 Comments


Onto Expressivism (which comes under the Non-cognitivist camp). Here, philosophers are concerned with value. They don’t think that our moral judgments are statements of belief. No. Nor do they think they our moral judgements are truth-apt. There are no moral ‘facts’, according to them. All we can do is either approve or condemn some action.
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Moral Internalism vs. Moral Externalism

Before jumping into the Expressivist pool, we need somebackground on the debate surrounding Moral Judgement Internalism and Moral Judgement Externalism. Here it is. Do you think that we are necesarily motivated to perform actions or that our motivations lie contingently out in the world? How to best understand our moral convictions?
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Open Question Argument

Alrighty then. Time for metaethical mayhem! G.E.Moore’s Open Question Argument (the OQA, also known as the Naturalistic Fallacy) is famous and widely considered to be the foundation of Metaethics. Moore was a British philosopher who outlined his theory in Principia Ethica. The fundamental question: What is ‘good’? Let’s dive right in with the Philosophy revision! […]
Posted in Philosophy | 16 Comments