Author Archives: Michael Gakuran

Moral Anti-Realism

Moral Anti-Realists tell a different story to that of Moral Realists. According to them, there are no moral facts or properties. If so, what are we doing when we say moral statements such as ‘murder is wrong’? To be an Anti-Realist, we are looking to reject one or more of the premises in the Correspondence […]
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Moral Realism

Let’s begin the debate by focussing on the possibility that there are objectively existing moral facts. Realist views accept the existence of objective moral properties. To put this in perspective, think about what this would be saying. When we make moral statements such as ‘murder is bad’, we talk as though there are moral facts […]
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Ersatz Modal Realism

Also known as ‘Moderate’ or ‘Actualist’ Modal Realism. Unlike Lewis’s Genuine Modal Realism, EMR has varied tenets and thus I will only outline some of the differences to GMR. In contrast to Lewis’s GMR, EMR theories do not take other possible worlds to be concretely existing (the main reason for not wanting to accept Lewis’s […]
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Problems with Modal Realism

Okay, so we’re well under way. We have a theory of Possible Worlds, which looks nice and really helps us (okay, perhaps just Philosophers) talk about the world more clearly with one another. Sounds good, but it comes at a heavy price. Here are some of the big objections to Lewis’s Genuine Modal Realism.
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Possible Worlds

Genuine Modal Realism (GMR) Okay, so we’re no longer frightened by ‘Realism’ right? At least, not by the terminology. If you’re not sure, check here for a primer. So what is Modal Realism? In a general sense, ‘Modality’ is talking about what is possible. What could have been, what could have been otherwise and what […]
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Realism vs. Anti-Realism – primer

Whatnow? Realism? And Anti-Real-isms? Since this is the first time I’ve written about Realism and Anti-Realism, perhaps I should start with a brief explanation of what we (those bearding-twirling Philosophers and their bald counterparts) mean when we talk of objects being ‘real’ or not. For one to be ‘realist’ about something is to say two […]
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Happy New Year!

あけましておめでとうございます! Apologies for the lack of updates over Christmas and the New Year! I was busy eating my way through pounds of chocolate and mince pies while spending time with my family and my girlfriend. But I did do a little Wii Sports Boxing to compensate for all the indulgences! Though I’d prefer to forget […]
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Welcome home!

I’ve decided to purchase a new domain and move Knowing Nothing here. The .co.uk site will remain up as long as I have hosting left on the domain, but no new entries will be posted there. So please update your bookmarks, this is the new site! http://gakuran.com I’m also currently going through old posts to […]
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